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Sodium alginate for welding rods application
Coatings are applied to welding rods or electrodes to act as a flux and to control the conditions in the immediate vicinity of the weld, such as temperature or oxygen and hydrogen availability. The dry ingredients of the coating are mixed with sodium silicate (water-glass) which gives some of the plasticity necessary for extrusion of the coating onto the rod; it also acts as the binder for the dried coating on the rod. However, the wet silicate has no binding action and does not provide sufficient lubrication to allow effective and smooth extrusion. An additional lubricant is needed, and a binder that will hold the damp mass together before extrusion and maintain the shape of the coating on the rod during drying and baking. Alginates are used to meet these requirements. The quantities of alginates used are very dependent on the type of welding rod being coated and the extrusion equipment being used. Alginate manufacturers are the best source of information for using alginates in welding rod applications.
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